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Author Guidelines


SUBMISSION ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

  • The first author of submitted articles must be a student enrolled at an accredited medical school. The submitting author must use their institutional email as their contact email (i.e.; @lsuhsc.edu). The Editorial Board retains the right to contact the submitting author's institutional administration to verify enrollment.
  • Research must not be published elsewhere or under consideration for publication elsewhere. Authors agree not to submit the article elsewhere while under consideration for publication in AMSRJ.
  • Authors must submit the Author Statement signed by all listed authors.
  • Authors must submit a completed ICJME conflict of interest form (must be viewed with Adobe Reader) if there are conflicts of interests to declare. Otherwise state "No conflicts of interests to disclose" on title page.
  • Articles must be accompanied by the Consent Acknowledgement Form signed by the corresponding author.
  • Articles must adhere to the requirements listed in the Author Instructions.
  • Articles must adhere to the journal Publication Ethics policy, as described below.

 

ETHICS POLICY

 

PUBLICATION ETHICS

  1. All authors submitting work to the AMSRJ will be held to high standards of publication ethics as represented in the following sections of authorship, originality, conflicts of interest, and confidentiality.
  2. Any cases of suspected misconduct or misappropriation will be investigated by the AMSRJ Editorial Board. Breaches of these publication ethics are grounds for immediate dismissal of any submitted work and revocation of any work previously submitted to the AMSRJ. Investigation may include, but is not limited to, use of plagiarism search engines, placement of search alerts in medical journal indexing sites for withdrawn accepted manuscripts to monitor for possible duplicate submission, and contacting institutional administrative staff for verification of medical student status.
  3. Breaches of scientific and/or ethical misconduct may be reported to the author's/authors' institution(s) and/or to other relevant parties at the discretion of the Editorial Board. Ethical misconduct includes, but is not limited to, inclusion of fraudulent or knowingly misrepresented data, submission of unoriginal or incorrectly attributed work, submission of a previously published article to AMSRJ, submission of an article under consideration for publication elsewhere to AMSRJ, and submission of an article under consideration or accepted by AMSRJ to another journal.  

 

 

AUTHORSHIP

  1. Authors included in each submission must have contributed in some significant way to the conception, implementation, documentation, or interpretation of the data of the submitted work. All authors included in the manuscript must be in agreement of the content and interpretation of the submitted work.
  2. Changes to the manuscript involving authorship must be approved by all authors of the paper and accompanied by written documentation.
  3. Persons who have contributed to the paper but were not involved in its major production may be referenced in an acknowledgement section. Acknowledgements should be limited to professional colleagues or advisors.

 

ORIGINALITY

All work submitted to the AMSRJ must be the original work of the represented authors and must not have been published previously, awaiting publication elsewhere, or under consideration for publication elsewhere. All submissions to AMSRJ must be accurately represented by the authors including but not limited to:

i. reproducible research data according to the materials and methods included in the submission;

ii. case studies obtainable from archives or medical records of a medical institution;

iii. original essays not previously published;

iv. artwork or images that were created, conceived, or produced by the stated authorship.

Proper citation must be included for all submissions in accordance with the submission guidelines. Plagiarism will not be tolerated by the AMSRJ.

Data found to be fraudulent or knowingly misrepresented will be excluded from publication, and the submission authorship will be subsequently removed from consideration for publication in the AMSRJ. Additionally, case reports, opinion articles, and other submissions to the AMSRJ that fail to meet the standards of originality stated herein will be subsequently removed from consideration for publication, and the authorship will subsequently be removed from all future submission consideration.

 

 

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

  1. Disclosure of any direct or indirect financial connections or interest must be revealed with any AMSRJ submission. If there are any conflicts of interest, financial or non-financial, by any of the submission authors, the conflict details must be mentioned in the title page on behalf of all the authors and co-authors involved.
  2. Conflicts of interest will be made available in the published submissions.

 

 

PROTECTION OF RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS

  1. Reports on animal experimentation must be accompanied by documentation of adherence to institutional and national standards of care for the use of laboratory animals, in accordance with the International Association of Veterinary Editors' Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare. All experimentation involving human subjects must be done under institutional IRB approval in accordance with the World Medical Association's Helsinki Declaration of Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
  2. Any use of patient information should be accompanied by a statement on the title page documenting approval or waiver by the home institution's IRB.

 

CONFIDENTIALITY

  1. All patient information must be presented in accordance with the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and federal law. By submitting any work to the AMSRJ, all authors maintain that the work presented therein is in compliance with HIPAA and federal standards.
  2. Authors should strive to use only the minimum necessary patient information required to accomplish the intended research purpose.

 

 

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

 

Manuscripts must be submitted online through the AMSRJ online submission and review system. All submitted manuscripts must follow the style guidelines as described below, include a title page, and abstract.

 

STYLE GUIDELINES

 

  • Articles submitted must follow the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th edition.
  • Manuscripts should be submitted as Microsoft Word documents (.doc or .docx).
  • Manuscript text should be submitted in Times New Roman, 12-point font, and double-spaced.
  • The manuscript should have 1-inch margins, with all pages numbered consecutively, including the title page.
  • The manuscript should be submitted with line numbering (Format->Document->Layout->Line Numbers->Continuous)
  • Number tables with Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. Tables that are meant as appendix material should be numbered as Appendix Table 1, Appendix Table 2, and so on.
  • Number figures with Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. Figures that are meant as appendix material should be numbered as Appendix Figure 1, Appendix Figure 2, and so on. Each figure should have a figure legend that begins with a short title.
  • Figures should be submitted embedded in the manuscript and uploaded separately as JPG, TIFF, or PSD files.
  • Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract and limit their use in the text. Expand all abbreviations at first mention in the text.
    • The metric system is preferred for the expression of length, area, mass, and volume.
    • Use generic names of drugs, devices, and other products, unless the article specifically refers to the trade name of a drug.
    • Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references. Examples of references cited in AMA style below.

 

 

AMA CITATION GUIDELINES

 

Citations in the Body of the Paper:

 

  • Cite each source in numerical order. Example: (1, 2, 3"¦)
  • These citations should be placed AFTER commas and periods but BEFORE colons and semicolons; use Arabic superscript numerals (as opposed to Roman numerals).
  • If a citation uses more than one numeral, put a comma (with no space in front) between each numeral. Example: (3,4)
  • Closed series (as in, 10 through 15) should be joined by a hyphen. Example: (10-15).
Examples of appropriate internal citation AMA-style (from  http://libguides.css.edu/content.php?pid=36664&sid=269772):
  •  "The report1 found that...

  • As has been noted previously,2

  • This argument was refuted in another study.3

  • Other reports4,5confirm these findings. (Note: Two sources are cited.)

  • "...as has been the conclusion of this author."6 (Note: Use after direct quotation.)

  • In recent reports1,3-5,9surgical outcomes have been...(Note: Multiple sources cited; not all are consecutive.)"

 

Citations in the Reference List:

 

  • List the references numerically in the order they were cited in the paper.
  • Single space within citations, double-space between citations.
  • Include DOI numbers at the end of each citation
  • Cite references parenthetically in the text if it is an unofficial source (as in a personal communication or a work not yet accepted for publication).

 

EXAMPLES OF AMA STYLE CITATIONS

 

BOOKS

 

  • Single Author: Lugalla JB. Poverty, AIDS, and Street Children in East Africa. Lewiston, NY: Mellen Press; 2003.
  • Two to Six Authors: Rip PJ, Tear LK. Modern Conventions In Stitches. 9th ed. Cambridge, MA: Suture Books; 2005.
  • Seven or More Authors: Greg AM, Marshall KC, Peters NH, et al. Raising Large Families. San Francisco, CA: Brady Limited; 2006.
  • Books With an Editor: Galanter M, ed. Services Research in the Era of Managed Care. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum; 2001.
  • Books Without an Author or an Editor: Physicians' Desk Reference. 58th ed. Montvale, NJ: Thomson PDR; 2004.
  • Books by an Organization: World Health Organization. Injury: A Leading Cause of the Global Burden of Disease, 2000. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2002.
  • A Chapter/Article in a Book: O'Brien C. Drug addiction and drug abuse. In: Brunton LB, Lazo JS, Parker KL, eds. Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 11th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2005: 607-629.
  • Electronic Book: Rudolph CD, Rudolph AM. Rudolph's Pediatrics. 21st ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies;2002. http://online.statref.com/Document/Document.aspx?DocID=1&StartDoc=1&EndDoc= 1882&FxID=13&offset=7&SessionId=A3F279FQVVFXFSXQ . Accessed August 22, 2007.

 

JOURNALS

 

  • Print Journal Article: Rainier S, Thomas D, Tokarz D, et al. Myofibrillogenesis regulator 1 gene mutations cause paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis. Arch Neurol. 2004;61(7):1025-1029.
  • Online Journal Article: Duchin JS. Can preparedness for biological terrorism save us from pertussis? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158(2):106-107. http://archpedi.amaassn.org/cgi/content/full/158/2/106. Accessed June 1, 2004.

 

ELECTRONIC SOURCES

 

  • Web Site: Truth and reconciliation: examining human rights violations in South Africa's health sector. American Association for the Advancement of Science Web site. http://shr.aaas.org/trc- med/presub.htm. Published 1997. Accessed April 30, 2004.
  • Online Government/Org Reports: Dafney L, Gruber J. Does public insurance improve the efficiency of medical care? Medicaid expansions and child hospitalizations. http://www.nber.org/papers/w755. Published February 2000. Accessed February 26, 2004.
  • Online Newspapers: Weiss R. The promise of precision prescriptions. Washington Post. June 24, 2000:A1. http://www.washingtonpost.com. Accessed October 10, 2001. (Note: Online newspapers are cited the same as regular newspapers, except for the URL.)

 

 

TITLE PAGE

General information about an article and its authors is presented on a manuscript title page and should include the following:

  • Article title. The title provides a distilled description of the complete article and should include information that, along with the Abstract, will make electronic retrieval of the article sensitive and specific. Ensure all reporting requirements for your type of research are met for each title as detailed in the specifics for various types research articles.
  • Author names. Author names should be listed underneath the article title with the highest degree earned, followed by a superscript which corresponds with the author information.
  • Author information: Authors' institutional affiliation and highest degree earned should be listed.
  • Corresponding author contact information. Corresponding author name, institutional email, phone number, and fax number should be listed.
  • IRB approval. All submitted articles must include a statement addressing Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. This statement must clearly disclose that IRB approval was obtained for the submitted research, approval was waived for the study by the IRB, or that approval was not necessary for the research in question.
  • Field of research (Basic Science Section only). Articles submitted to Basic Science must include a statement which describes the field research was conducted in; i.e., Virology.
  • Clinical Trial Registration (Clinical Research Section only). Articles submitted to Clinical Research must include a statement which list the relevant clinical trial registration.
  • Statement of source(s) of support. These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself. If no support was provided, state: "No material support was provided for this article."
  • Conflict of Interest declaration. Please disclose conflict of interests in this section according to the ICMJE disclosure rules found here. If none, state: "The authors do not have conflicts of interest to disclose."
  • Word count. Please include a word count for the article excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references. In addition, please include a second word count without any exclusions.
  • Number of figures and tables. Please include the total numbers of figures and tables.
  • Keywords. Please indicate 3 words that best represent the article, which readers can use to search for the published article.

BODY OF MANUSCRIPT

See CATEGORIES OF ARTICLES for Section-specific guidelines.

MEDIA

 

(Includes figures, photographs, tables, videos, and pedigrees)

 

All media should be original and submitted with a descriptive, objective caption (no more than 40 words excluding title, key, citations, etc.). The final inclusion of any media as part of the published article is at the discretion of the editors. A copy of all documentation of informed consent must be submitted. A signed copy of the Consent Acknowledgement form must accompany all photos, videos and/or pedigrees (see Informed Consent section). Furthermore, a signed consent of release specific to each living member included or their legal guardian must accompany pedigrees.

FIGURES

Number figures with Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. Each figure should have a figure legend that begins with a short title. Reduce the length of legends by using phrases rather than sentences. Explain all abbreviations and symbols on the figure, even if an explanation appears in the text. Acknowledgements to original sources of borrowed material should use the wording specified by the original publisher of the material. If there is no specified wording, cite the authors, reference number, and the publisher. Letters of permission from the copyright holder must accompany submission of borrowed material.

Please limit figures to a maximum of 3 tables and 5 additional photos/charts (no more than 8 media items total).

 

PHOTOGRAPHS

 

Photographs should be clear, high quality images with as little distracting elements as possible. Such distractors include any background elements including shadows, people, bandages, patterned sheets, bed rails, etc. When possible, plain, solid color backgrounds such as a blue sheet should be used as a backdrop. Ambient lighting is preferred without the use of flash photography, which tends to distort important structures. No effects should be added to the original image. The exception is for the use of pathology photographs when an indicator symbol is needed to direct the point of reference. Camera phone images are not recommended.

For pictures of histologic slides, give stain and magnification data at the end of the legend for each part of the figure. If no scale marker appears on the figure, give the original magnification used during the observation, not that of the photographic print.

TABLES

Number tables Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. Use titles that concisely describe the content of the table so that a reader can understand the table without referring to the text. Tables may contain abbreviations that we do not permit in the text, but the table should contain a footnote that explains the abbreviation.

 

CATEGORIES OF ARTICLES

 

BASIC SCIENCE

 

Basic Science articles include original research in areas not directly involving clinical insight/outcomes, nor are they considered clinical trials by the ICMJE. Fields involving these articles include but are not limited to: Biochemistry, Virology, Physiology, Pharmacology, Neuroscience, etc. Translational research falls under this category as long as investigations are not aimed at determining direct clinical outcomes. Articles may not exceed 4000 words.

In addition to following the guidelines for all articles, Basic Science articles should include in the title page a section detailing the specific field of research (i.e. Virology). Structured abstracts are required.

Basic Science manuscripts should be structured in the following manner:

 

I. Title Page

  • Article title. The title provides a distilled description of the complete article and should include information that, along with the abstract, will make electronic retrieval of the article sensitive and specific. Ensure all reporting requirements for your type of research are met for each title as detailed in the specifics for various types research articles.
  • Author names. Author names should be listed underneath the article title with the highest degree earned, followed by a superscript that corresponds with the author information.
  • Author information: Author's institutional affiliation and highest degree earned should be listed.
  • Corresponding author contact information. Corresponding author name, institutional email, phone number, and fax number should be listed.
  • IRB approval. All submitted articles must include a statement addressing Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. This statement must clearly disclose that IRB approval was obtained for the submitted research, approval was waived for the study by the IRB, or that approval was not necessary for the research in question.
  • Field of research (Basic Science Section only). Articles submitted to Basic Science must include a statement which describes the field research was conducted in; i.e., Virology.
  • Statement of source(s) of support. These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself. If no support was provided, state: "No material support was provided for this article."
  • Conflict of Interest declaration. Please disclose conflict of interests in this section according to the ICMJE disclosure rules found here. If none, state: "The authors do not have conflicts of interest to disclose."
  • Word count. Please include a word count for the article excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references. In addition, please include a second word count without any exclusions.
  • Number of figures and tables. Please include the total numbers of figures and tables.
  • Keywords. Please indicate 3 words that best represent the article, which readers can use to search for the published article.

II. Structured Abstract

 

The abstracts are limited to 500 words and should provide the context or background for the study and should include the following:

 

  • Objective(s)
  • Materials and Method (type of study, settings, measurements, analytical methods)
  • Results (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical and clinical significance, if possible)
  • Conclusions
  • Relevance (should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations)

 

III. Introduction

Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation. Cite only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

IV. Materials and Methods

Clearly describe how and why a study was done in a particular way. Identify methods, equipment (give the manufacturer's name and city, state of corporate address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods and provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known. Describe new or substantially modified methods, give the reasons for using them.

Identify all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Identify appropriate scientific names and gene names.

The section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section.

V. Results

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and figures. If data is displayed in tables or figures, do not repeat it in the text.

Give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated (e.g., 14% (19/133), and specify the statistical significance attached to them, if any. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as "random" (which implies a randomizing device), "normal," "significant," "correlations," and "sample."

Separate reporting of data by demographic variables, such as age and sex, facilitate pooling of data for subgroups across studies and should be routine, unless there are compelling reasons not to stratify reporting, which should be explained.

VI. Discussion

Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them in the context of the totality of the best available evidence. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in other parts of the manuscript, such as in the Introduction or the Results section. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.

Link the conclusions with the goals of the study, but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, distinguish between clinical and statistical significance, and avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but label them clearly.

VII. Acknowledgements

Institutional support, and those who have contributed to the manuscript but not substantially enough for authorship.

(ex: The authors would like to thank Janis Doe and Janet Doe for their manuscript copyediting.)

VIII. References

Follow the journal style guidelines in accordance with the American Medical Association's Manual of Style, 10th edition.

 

CLINICAL RESEARCH

 

The Clinical Research Section includes reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, retrospective chart reviews, meta-analyses, and translational research directed at determining clinical outcomes. Articles may not exceed 4000 words.

 

In addition to following the guidelines for all research articles, articles submitted to this section must include a structured abstract.

Clinical Trials

  • The International Committee on Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) defines a clinical trial as any research project that prospectively assigns human participants to intervention or comparison groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between an intervention and a health outcome. Interventions include but are not limited to drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, etc.
  • The International Committee on Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) defines a clinical trial as any research project that prospectively assigns human participants to intervention or comparison groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between an intervention and a health outcome. Interventions include but are not limited to drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, etc.
  • Submitted articles concerning clinical trials must be accompanied by a copy of the trial protocol, statistical analysis plan, and a CONSORT Flow Diagram and Checklist: http://www.consort-statement.org/consort-statement/
  • It is required that all submitted research concerning clinical trials must be registered via an online public registry listed per the ICMJE. All clinical trials and secondary analysis of existing clinical trials must be registered before a manuscript is submitted for publication.
  • Trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry should be included on the title page.
  • Acceptable trial registries include http://www.clinicaltrials.gov and others listed at http://www.icmje.org.

Systematic Reviews

  • Systematic reviews are articles that are structured around investigation of a specific question or issue.
  • This question or issue should be one that is clinically relevant and the investigation should be done in an evidence-based manner.
  • Structured abstracts are required.
  • Review articles should clearly state the question or issue of interest and address relevance
  • Articles should emphasize high-quality research, describe the process used to assess evidence, detailing inclusion and exclusion criteria
  • Articles should include a discussion on the strengths and weakness of included evidence
    • Meta-analysis articles are assessments of compiled published literature and evidence concerning a clinical topic of interest. These topics frequently include analysis of disease therapies, prevention, etiology, or diagnosis.
    • Data sources should be current and represent evidence located within several months of manuscript submission. The submitted manuscript should state the process used for locating and selecting included research and evidence, such as inclusion and exclusion criteria.
    • For each included article or evidence, the type of study should be identified, as well as the target population, intervention, tests, or outcomes, as appropriate. Submission of meta-analyses of clinical trial studies should be accompanied by the PRISMA checklist and flow diagram (http://www.prisma-statement.org/statement.htm).
    • Abstracts are required for meta-analysis articles; please see the section on preparing structured abstracts for more information.
    • The manuscript title should include the phrase "A Meta-analysis."

Meta-analyses

Clinical Research manuscripts should be structured in the following manner:

 

I. Title Page

  • Article title. The title provides a distilled description of the complete article and should include information that, along with the abstract, will make electronic retrieval of the article sensitive and specific. Ensure all reporting requirements for your type of research are met for each title as detailed in the specifics for various types research articles.
  • Author names. Author names should be listed underneath the article title with the highest degree earned, followed by a superscript that corresponds with the author information.
  • Author information: Authors' institutional affiliation and highest degree earned should be listed.
  • Corresponding author contact information. Corresponding author name, institutional email, phone number, and fax number should be listed.
  • IRB approval. All submitted articles must include a statement addressing Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. This statement must clearly disclose that IRB approval was obtained for the submitted research, approval was waived for the study by the IRB, or that approval was not necessary for the research in question.
  • Clinical Trial Registration (Clinical Research Section only). Articles submitted to Clinical Research must include a statement which list the relevant clinical trial registration.
  • Statement of source(s) of support. These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself. If no support was provided, state: "No material support was provided for this article."
  • Conflict of Interest declaration. Please disclose conflict of interests in this section according to the ICMJE disclosure rules found here. If none, state: "The authors do not have conflicts of interest to disclose."
  • Word count. Please include a word count for the article excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references. In addition, please include a second word count without any exclusions.
  • Number of figures and tables. Please include the total numbers of figures and tables.
  • Keywords. Please indicate 3 words that best represent the article, which readers can use to search for the published article.

 

 

II. Structured Abstract

 

The abstract is limited to 500 words and should provide the context or background for the study and should include the following:

 

  • Study Objective
  • Study Design (type of study, participants, settings, measurements, analytical methods)
  • Results (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical and clinical significance, if possible)
  • Conclusions and Relevance (should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations, note important limitations, and not over-interpret findings)

 

III. Introduction

Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation. Cite only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

IV. Materials and Methods

Clearly describe how and why a study was done in a particular way. Identify methods, equipment (give the manufacturer's name and city, state of corporate address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give the reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations.

Identify all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Identify appropriate scientific names and gene names.

The section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section.

V. Selection and Description of Participants

Clearly describe the selection of observational or experimental participants (healthy individuals or patients, including controls), including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Because the relevance of such variables as age, sex, or ethnicity is not always known at the time of study design, researchers should aim for inclusion of representative populations into all study types and at a minimum provide descriptive data for these and other relevant demographic variables. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer)."

VI. Results

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and figures. If data is displayed in tables or figures, do not repeat it in the text.

Give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated (e.g., 14% (19/133), and specify the statistical significance attached to them, if any. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as "random" (which implies a randomizing device), "normal," "significant," "correlations," and "sample."

Separate reporting of data by demographic variables, such as age and sex, facilitate pooling of data for subgroups across studies and should be routine, unless there are compelling reasons not to stratify reporting, which should be explained.

VII. Discussion

Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them in the context of the totality of the best available evidence. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in other parts of the manuscript, such as in the Introduction or the Results section. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.

Link the conclusions with the goals of the study, but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, distinguish between clinical and statistical significance, and avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but label them clearly.

VIII. Acknowledgements

Institutional support, and those who have contributed to the manuscript but not substantially enough for authorship.

(ex: The authors would like to thank Janis Doe and Janet Doe for their manuscript copyediting.)

IX. References

Follow the journal style guidelines in accordance with the American Medical Association's Manual of Style, 10th edition.

 

CASE REPORTS

 

Case Report Section includes articles describing a single patient, articles describing a series of related patients, and articles describing a single/multiple patient/s accompanied by a review of the literature. In addition to following the guidelines for all articles, a structured abstract which provides a brief summary of the case is required.

All patients included in the case report, case series, or case and review must give permission for publication. This requires both written and oral informed consent when using any identifiable patient information. Such information includes any information that can identify the patient, even by the patients themselves. This includes, but is not limited to, patient descriptions, descriptions of disease course and accompanying media. A signed copy of the Consent Acknowledgement Form must accompany all submissions. 

Case Reports

  • Present a synopsis of a single patient case along with a discussion centered on the significant aspects of the case.
  • Recommended length is 1000 to 3000 words (not including abstract, tables, figures, references, etc.). Please limit figures to a maximum of 3 tables and 5 additional photos/charts (no more than 8 media items total). 

Case Series

  • Present synopses of multiple patients with similar pathology.
  • Recommended length is 2000 to 4000 words (not including abstract, tables, figures, references, etc.). Please limit figures to a maximum of 3 tables and 5 additional photos/charts (no more than 8 media items total).

Case of the week

  • Present shorter case reports with a length limit of 500 words, accompanied by one related quiz question.
  • The question should include 3 to 5 potential answers followed by the answer and an explanation.

Case and Review

  • These studies can fulfill our definition of a case report or case series; and, in addition, they take the form of a more lengthy and complete review of the literature on the given subject.
  • Review articles without discussion of a case or case series will not be accepted.
  • Please limit figures to a maximum of 3 tables and 5 additional photos/charts (no more than 8 media items total). 
  • Please limit length to a maximum of 5000 words, excluding abstract and figures.

 

CASE REPORT SECTION MANUSCRIPTS MUST BE STRUCTURED IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER: 

I. Title Page

  • Article title. The title provides a distilled description of the complete article and should include information that, along with the abstract, will make electronic retrieval of the article sensitive and specific.
  • Author names. Author names should be listed underneath the article title with the highest degree earned, followed by a superscript that corresponds with the author information.
  • Author information: Authors' institutional affiliation and highest degree earned should be listed.
  • Corresponding author contact information. Corresponding author name, institutional email, phone number, and fax number should be listed.
  • IRB approval. All submitted articles must include a statement addressing Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. This statement must clearly disclose that IRB approval was obtained for the submitted research, approval was waived for the study by the IRB, or that approval was not necessary for the research in question.
  • Statement of source(s) of support. These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself. If no support was provided, state: "No material support was provided for this article."
  • Conflict of Interest declaration. Please disclose conflict of interests in this section according to the ICMJE disclosure rules found here. If none, state: "The authors do not have conflicts of interest to disclose."
  • Word count. Please include a word count for the article excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references. In addition, please include a second word count without any exclusions.
  • Number of figures and tables. Please include the total numbers of figures and tables.
  • Keywords. Please indicate 3-5 words that best represent the article, which readers can use to search for the published article.

II. Structured Abstract (Please limit to 300 words)

--Introduction & Objective

Please include a brief synopsis of why this case report is worthy of publication (unique presentation/excellent educational value, etc).

--Case Presentation

Please include a brief synopsis of the presenting symptoms of the patient, important clinical findings, the main diagnoses and therapeutic interventions(if applicable), and information about follow-up (if applicable).

--Conclusion

Please briefly state the main findings/lessons of this case report.

III. Introduction

Provide a context or background for the disease addressed.

IV. Case Presentation 

Includes a summary of the history of present illness, past medical and surgical history, allergies, medications, social history, family history, review of systems, physical exam, lab evaluation, imaging, treatment, and outcome.

Please incorporate a clear, concise, and specific timeline of events into the case presentation. This may be done in the text or in a table, figure, or graphic. 

V. Discussion 

This may be centered on the significant or unusual aspects of the case. Please also discuss the strengths and limitations of the case report as well as how it fits into the relevant medical literature. Please specify the main findings and lesson(s) from the case report.

VI. Learning Points

--Please include 2-3 bulleted summary statements of the main teaching points/take away lessons of the report.

VII. Acknowledgements

Institutional support, and those who have contributed to the manuscript but not substantially enough for authorship.

(ex: The authors would like to thank Janis Doe and Janet Doe for their manuscript copyediting.)

VIII. References

Follow the journal style guidelines in accordance with the American Medical Association's Manual of Style, 10th edition.

 

HUMANITIES

Manuscripts submitted to the Humanities section include those which address the political, social, and personal experiential aspects of medicine. Humanities articles must be submitted with a title page, but do not require abstracts. Occasionally, the editors may submit particular prompts to solicit submissions regarding a specific topic. When this occurs, the time frame for submission along with length requirements will be provided along with other pertinent information. Articles NOT related to the writing prompt may still be submitted with the understanding that consideration and publication of these articles may be delayed until all topical articles are reviewed.

 

Viewpoints

Address a topic in medicine (including research, public health policy, ethics, health law) the writer feels to be especially important and worthy of discussion. Position should be stated clearly and papers should be well focused. We ask the author to maintain a professional voice throughout the paper and encourage constructive criticism when appropriate. Maximum length 3000 words with no more than 7 references.

 

Personal Experience Essays

Address personal experiences in medicine the author feels especially moving or enlightening. Possible topics discussed include, but are certainly NOT limited to; patient-physician relationship, humanism in medicine, and the meaning of professionalism in medicine. Please refrain from using patient names or other specific information that may identify a patient. Maximum length 3000 words.

Patient Perspectives

Address patient strategies for coping with illness, especially artistic expression or hobbies, which the author finds particularly enlightening. Topics include, but are not limited to, poetry, short stories, visual arts, and yoga. Please include a short essay or interview discussing the patient's illness and the importance of their art to overcoming their disease. If patient permission is given, include an excerpt of the patient's writing or 1-3 photographs of the artwork discussed. Please refrain from using patient names or other specific information that may identify the patient. Maximum length of essay 3000 words, not including the patient's work.

Letters to the Editor

The AMSRJ encourages dialogue regarding pertinent topics. If you would like to submit a letter to the editor discussing a recently published article, please do so within 4 weeks of publication of the article. Letters to the Editor should be no more than 1000 words and contain no more than 5 references, one of which should be the AMSRJ article. Please maintain a professional voice throughout the letter.

Articles submitted to the Humanities Section should be structured in the following manner:

I. Title Page

  • Article title. The title provides a distilled description of the complete article and should include information that, along with the abstract, will make electronic retrieval of the article sensitive and specific. Ensure all reporting requirements for your type of research are met for each title as detailed in the specifics for various types research articles.
  • Author names. Author names should be listed underneath the article title with the highest degree earned, followed by a superscript that corresponds with the author information.
  • Author information: Authors' institutional affiliation and highest degree earned should be listed.
  • Corresponding author contact information. Corresponding author name, institutional email, phone number, and fax number should be listed.
  • IRB approval. All submitted articles must include a statement addressing Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. This statement must clearly disclose that IRB approval was obtained for the submitted research, approval was waived for the study by the IRB, or that approval was not necessary for the research in question.
  • Statement of source(s) of support. These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself. If no support was provided, state: "No material support was provided for this article."
  • Conflict of Interest declaration. Please disclose conflict of interests in this section according to the ICMJE disclosure rules found here. If none, state: "The authors do not have conflicts of interest to disclose."
  • Word count. Please include a word count for the article excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references. In addition, please include a second word count without any exclusions.
  • Number of figures and tables. Please include the total numbers of figures and tables.
  • Keywords. Please indicate 3 words that best represent the article, which readers can use to search for the published article.

II. Body of the Article

Article must adhere to the guidelines described above for Viewpoints, Personal Experience Essays, and Letters to the Editor.

III. Acknowledgements

Institutional support, and those who have contributed to the manuscript but not substantially enough for authorship.

(ex: The authors would like to thank Janis Doe and Janet Doe for their manuscript copyediting.)

IV. References

Follow the journal style guidelines in accordance with the American Medical Association's Manual of Style, 10th edition.

 

ARTWORK

We are currently accepting artwork submissions for publication consideration. All styles and mediums are welcome! Topics relevant to medicine and healthcare will likely be given priority, but are not necessary to be accepted.

Accepted submissions will be incorporated into the journal in ways such as but not limited to individual page works, section/heading dividers (humanities, case studies, clinical research, etc.), and article supplementation.

Additionally, AMSRJ is accepting for publication New Yorker-style cartoons featuring a topic relevant to medicine or medical students.

Artwork submissions will not undergo peer review, and decisions for inclusion will be made within a week by the Layout Editor and Editor-in-Chief. All artwork submissions must be accompanied by a signed Author Statement uploaded as a supplementary file.

Additionally, one submission will be selected for representation on the cover page. This submission will be chosen in concurrence of the Layout Editor and Editor-in-Chief to best represent the vision and subject content demonstrated in the current journal edition.

Please direct artwork inquiries to the Layout Editor at kcamp4@lsuhsc.edu

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The first author is a student enrolled at an accredited medical school.

    The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration for publication elsewhere. 

    Authors agree to abide by the journal's Ethics Policies.

  2. The submission file is in Microsoft word (.doc or .docx) format.
  3. The text adheres to the stylistic, bibliographic, and content requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines

    This includes internally citing references in AMA format.

    Examples of appropriate internal citation (from http://libguides.css.edu/content.php?pid=36664&sid=269772):

     "The report1 found that...
    As has been noted previously,2
    This argument was refuted in another study.3
    Other reports4,5confirm these findings. (Note: Two sources are cited.)
    "...as has been the conclusion of this author."6 (Note: Use after direct quotation.)
    In recent reports1,3-5,9surgical outcomes have been...(Note: Multiple sources cited; not all are consecutive.)"

  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

    Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  5. An Author Statement form has been signed by all listed authors and attached to the submission as a supporting document.
  6. A Consent Acknowledgement form has been signed by the corresponding author and attached to the submission as a supporting document.
  7. If there are conflicts of interests to declare, a completed ICJME Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form (must be viewed with Adobe Reader) has been attached to the submission as a supporting document. If there are no conflicts of interests, a statement such as "No conflicts of interests to disclose" is listed on the title page.
  8. All submissions are accompanied by a title page as described in the Author Guidelines. Example title page below.

     

    Title of Study in Title Case Capitalization

    John M. Doe, BS1; John D. Doe, MS1; Jane S. Doe, MD1,2

    1Name of Home Institution with Applicable Department(s)(e.g., School of Medicine), City, State

    2Department of Nephrology, Institution Name, City State

    NOTE: Only use your highest degree (e.g., BS, BA, MS). Do not use abbreviation for your year in medical school (e.g., MS-IV, MS4).

     

    Corresponding Author:

    John M. Doe, BS

    Email: Jdoe@medicalschool.edu

    Phone: 555-555-5555

     

    Fax: 555-555-5551

     

    Institutional Review Board Statement: Our Institutional Review Board approved the review of the patients’ charts in this study and waived the need for consent. We have included documentation of this in our submission.

     

    Field of Research (Basic Science Section only): N/A, clinical study.

     

    Clinical Trial Registration (Clinical Research Section only): N/A, retrospective chart review.

    Financial Support: None. The authors did not receive grant or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payment or any benefits from commercial entities.

     

    Conflicts of Interest: None. The authors were not compensated or funded in any way for the preparation of this manuscript. This study has not been submitted elsewhere. We understand and agree that if the manuscript is accepted for publication, copyright in the article, including the right to reproduce the article in all forms and media, shall be assigned to the publisher.

    Word Count:

    Selected sections – 2,200. All sections – 2,800.

     

    Number of Figures and Tables:

    Figures – 2. Tables – 1.

     

    Keywords:

    Diabetes; diabetic management; diabetic retinopathy;

     

     

  9. I will designate admin@amsrj.org as one of my "Safe Senders" or contacts to avoid accidental marking of AMSRJ communication as spam/junk. This will avoid difficulties in communication with the Journal.
 

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following statement:

"We qualify as authors to this manuscript/submission as described in the journal Publication Ethics policy and certify that nobody who qualifies for authorship has been excluded. We agree to its submission to AMSRJ, and if accepted, to its publication in this journal. We certify that this article is original, does not infringe on any copyright, and has not been previously published or under consideration for publication elsewhere. We agree to not submit this article for publication elsewhere while under consideration for publication in AMSRJ.

Ethical approval has been obtained as necessary and all conflicts of interests have been disclosed. If any breach of consent and/or violation of medical legal practices are committed, I take full responsibility for the fault. Furthermore, I assume all legal responsibility for any infractions regarding the information being published by the American Medical Research Journal on my behalf.

We hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership of the manuscript in its entirety, figures, tables, pictures, and supporting documents, including any rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the AMSRJ, in the event that our manuscript is published by the AMSRJ."

Authors who publish with this journal agree to immediate open access to content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

 

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