Preparing Undergraduate Medical Students for Future Practice – Development of a Future of Medicine Elective

Livingston Martin


The medical field operates in an ever-evolving state. The modern physician is expected to remain informed about the latest treatments, prescriptions, and procedures. One of the challenges facing medical education is ensuring medical students are taught the latest evidence-based information. In particular, medical students have limited exposure to the latest medical technologies that are transforming the way physicians treat patients. Having identified this lack of exposure, the authors designed, organized, and evaluated an elective curriculum to introduce their peers to emerging medical technologies. The elective aimed to familiarize fellow medical students with da Vinci Robotic surgery, Arthroscopic surgery simulation, 3D printing, electronic medical records, virtual reality via Google Glass and HoloLens, and multimodality cardiovascular imaging. This study surveyed the first and second year medical students enrolled in the Future of Medicine elective at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine. The evaluation found that this student-led, hands-on elective demonstrated high levels of student satisfaction, enrichment of the medical school experience, and the student’s desire to incorporate elements of the elective into both the standard medical school curriculum and into their future practices. The incorporation of emerging technologies into pre-clinical education can be beneficial to both medical schools seeking to improve the technological literacy of their graduates and to medical students interested in shaping the future of medicine.

Full Text:



Maynard C. Systematic Review: The relationship between clinical experience and quality of health care. Year of Diag Rad. 2006;224-225.

Lee J, Graham AV. Students perception of medical school stress and their evaluation of a wellness elective. Med Ed. 2001;35(7):652-659.

Kemper KJ, Larrimore D, Dozier J, Woods C. Impact of a medical school elective in cultivating compassion through touch therapies. Comp Health Prac Rev. 2006;11(1):47-56.

Lanfranco AR, Castellanos AE, Desai JP, Meyers WC. Robotic surgery: a current perspective. Annals of Surg. 2004;239(1):14-21.

Hendel RC, Lindsay BD, Allen JM, Brindis RG, Patel MR, White L, Winchester DE, Wolk MJ. ACC appropriate use criteria methodology: 2018 update: a report of the American college of cardiology appropriate use criteria task force. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Feb;71(8):935-948.

Functions and Structure of a Medical School - (contains the LCME Standards). Liaison Committee on Medical Education. 2017.

Chen G, Gully SM, Eden D. Validation of new general self-efficacy scale. Org Res Meth. 2001;4(1):62-83

Oxentenko AS, West CP, Popkave C, Weinberger SE, Kolars JC. Time spent on clinical documentation: a survey of internal medicine residents and program directors. Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(4):377–380.

Block L, Habicht R, Wu AW, Desai SV, Wang K, Silva KN, Niessen T, Oliver N, Feldman L. In the wake of the 2003 and 2011 duty hours regulations, how do internal medicine interns spend their time? J Gen Intern Med. 2013;28(8):1042–1047.

Bullock A, Webb K. Technology in postgraduate medical education: a dynamic influence on learning?. Postgrad Med J. 2015;0:1–5.


  • There are currently no refbacks.



Editorial Board
Advisory Board
Marketing Committee
Become a Reviewer
Join the Editorial Team
Journal Sponsors


Peer Review Process
Publication Ethics
Submission Eligibility
Copyright Notice
Privacy Statement

Author Guidelines

AMA Style Guidelines
Basic Science
Clinical Research
Case Reports

Quick Links

New Issue Alert
Faculty Perspectives
Support Us
Contact Us



ISSN: 2333-4096