The Impetus Behind Choosing a Medical Specialty

Aleksandra Dukhan, Carly Chamberlain, Richard Terry

Abstract


Selecting a specialty is an important step in a medical student’s education, and many believe this decision is more difficult than the decision to attend medical school. With so many changes occurring in the medical system, including the increasing reliance on electronic medical records, the merger of the AOA and ACGME residency programs, and the increasing number of women entering the field, we conducted a study to determine the impetus today behind how individuals choose their medical specialty. To determine the most significant factor influencing an individual’s choice of specialty, we created a seven-question survey that was made available to students, residents, fellows, and attendings at one medical school and one community teaching hospital system. The results of the study showed that personal experience was the most influential reason amongst those surveyed for selecting a residency specialty (p < 0.05). One limitation of the study was that the majority of responders were students who had not yet matched into a residency. A future study could explore if, upon matching in residency, the students maintained their desire for the same specialty. Another limitation of the study was that we only surveyed individuals within one hospital system and therefore had a limited number of physicians, residents, fellows, and attendings. More hospitals should be contacted to obtain results from a greater number of practicing physicians.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aboshady, Omar, et al. “What Should Medical Students Do to Choose Their Medical Specialty?” Pan African Medical Journal, vol. 22, 23 Nov. 2015, doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.22.282.7955.

Alawad, AA, et al. “Factors Considered by Undergraduate Medical Students When Selecting Specialty of Their Future Careers.” PubMed, PanAfrican Medical Journal, 4 Feb. 2015, www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/20/102/full/.

Burack, J H, et al. “A Study of Medical Students? Specialty-Choice Pathways.” Academic Medicine, vol. 72, no. 6, 1997, pp. 534–41., doi:10.1097/00001888-199706000-00021.

Dall, Tim, et al. “2018 Update: The Complexities of Physician Supply and Demand: Projections from 2016 to 2030.” Association of American Medical Colleges, Mar. 2018.

Dorsey, E Ray, et al. “Influence of Controllable Lifestyle on Recent Trends in Specialty Choice by US Medical Students—Correction.” Jama, vol. 290, no. 20, 2003, pp. 1173–1178., doi:10.1001/jama.290.20.2666.

Executive Summary of the Agreement among ACGME, AOA, and AACOM. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), 2016, www.acgme.org/Portals/0/PDFs/Nasca-Community/Executive_Summary_of_the_Agreement_between_ACGME_and_AOA.pdf.

Freeman, Brian S. The Ultimate Guide to Choosing a Medical Specialty. McGraw-Hill Medical, 2013.

Glicksman, Eve. “A First: Women Outnumber Men in 2017 Entering Medical School Class.” AAMCNews, 19 Dec. 2017, news.aamc.org/medical-education/article/first-women-outnumber-men-2017-entering-medical-s/.

Miller, Robert H., and Ida Sim. “Physicians’ Use Of Electronic Medical Records: Barriers And Solutions.” Health Affairs, vol. 23, no. 2, 2004, pp. 116–126., doi:10.1377/hlthaff.23.2.116.

Terry, Richard, and Nathan Brown. “Growing Your Own: Hospital Recruitment and Retention.” American Association for Physician Leadership, Mar. 2016, www.physicianleaders.org/news/growing-your-own-hospital-recruitment-and-retention.

Terry, Richard. “Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education: A Way Forward.” The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, American Osteopathic Association, 1 Dec. 2013, jaoa.org/Article.aspx?articleid=2094359.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




AMSRJ


People

Editorial Board
Advisory Board
Marketing Committee
Become a Reviewer
Join the Editorial Team
Journal Sponsors

Policies

Peer Review Process
Publication Ethics
Submission Eligibility
Copyright Notice
Privacy Statement

Author Guidelines

AMA Style Guidelines
Basic Science
Clinical Research
Case Reports
Humanities
Artwork

Quick Links

New Issue Alert
Faculty Perspectives
Support Us
Contact Us

Issues

Current
Archives

ISSN: 2333-4096